Imagine a world where the very way we live is steadily enriching the ecosystems in which we are immersed.

Persiapan Odalan di Pura (Preparation for Anniversary of the Temple) 2016, I Gusti Agung Kepakisan – painter based in Bali, Indonesian.

IMAGINE A WORLD where the very way we live is steadily enriching the ecosystems around us.  It is a world where our households and communities, just by thriving, make the biosphere a greener, more abundant and more vibrant place for us and our fellow species.  It is a world in which all our enterprises, large and small, account equally for their expenses and revenues, as they do their grey and green ecological impacts.  It is a world where every company and corporation, just by doing business, is subtracting carbon from the atmosphere and supporting the diversity of the biosphere.  No longer do we strive to simply minimize our grey harm.  Instead, we strive to spiral our green contributions ever upward: overpaying our carbon debts and ever accelerating our for-Earth endeavors.  In this world, the cycles of vibrant ecosystems are in sync with those of economiesa harmony rising up with us towards the stars.

Forgotten and dismissed by many of us, such a world has thrived in nations ancient and ongoing.  To the extent that we can recognize these societal moments of ecological enrichment we can imagine a similar harmony unfolding about us today.  And insofar as we can imagine, such a green world is not nearly as distant as many of us despair.  

Like our yearning for a song well sung or for colors that compliment, Banayan and I believe that the yearning to contribute ecologically unites us as humans.  Across culture and continent, as a species, we long to add to that which we are part  to enhance the sync of the teams on which we play; to deepen the harmony of the choirs in which we sing; to enrich the diversity, vibrancy and abundance of the communities in which we belong.  Consequently, as the part we play in our local ecosystems and global biomes becomes clearer, so too does our yearning to participate positively in them to deepen their harmony; to enhance their sync; to enrich their diversity, vibrancy and abundance.   Indeed, Banayan and I have come to see that the transition to households, communities and enterprises that are in-and-of-themselves ecological contributions is the next stage of an epic planetary story whose direction is, quite literally, in our hands.

So, how do we choose this beautiful world in which we all long to live in?

One word:


It is said in permaculture that the problem is always the solution.1

Made as it is, by humans entirely for humans, plastic reflects our modern, human-centric society like a mirror. Through the struggle to find our own green ways, Banayan and I have come to see that in the depths of our reflection, lies a grand opportunity for awakening.

That ubiquitous material we all love to hate, is not only a reflection of modern human civilization, it is also a portal backwards into the Earth’s stellar story and forwards into the rich green world that awaits.

By looking at plastic closely and stepping through into its primordial past, a great ethical advance awaits us on the other side.  Up until now, our modern understanding of how to contribute to ecological harmony has been juvenile— our notions human-centered, limited and incomplete.  Our contemporary definition of ‘green’ has been limited to simply reducing harm, while the concept of contribution has remained all but un-imagined.

However, through insights gleaned from the cosmic story of plastic’s primordial origins coupled with the wisdom of ancient nations almost-forgotten, we can gain a renewed clarity into the fundamental principles of biosphere enrichment.    With this foundation we can then reorient our households, enterprises and technologies and build truly green ones from the ground up.

But first, let’s address the hate.

NEXT:  Plastic 1.0

Plastic 1.0
Our century-long story of plastic as human-made and managed has been woefully short-sighted.


A decade ago, Banayan Angway and Russell Maier; an Igorot wisdom keeper and a western philosopher, joined forces to protect the Chico River in the remote Northern Philippines from an inundation of plastic pollution. Ever since, they have continued to explore the pressing modern relevance of indigenous ecological wisdom. Guided by the Igorot Ayyew eco-ethos, they are publishing a systematic theory of green and grey in the form of a philosophical treatise. The Full Story of the Tractatus Ayyew


1 Bill Mollison, (1988) Principles from Permaculture a Designers' Manual, Tagari Publishers,

Click through to see a full and live breakdown of our 2021 ecological impacts on the
Click through to see our current enterprise regen report
Click through to see our current enterprise regen report